When Mercer County was formed in , part of West Windsor Township was added to the portion of Montgomery Township which was included in the new county, and made into Princeton Township; the area between the southern boundary of the former Borough and the Delaware and Raritan Canal was added to Princeton Township in Princeton Borough became a separate municipality in In the early nineteenth century, New Jersey boroughs had been parish bodies, chartered within existing townships.
Princeton Borough received such a charter in , as part of Montgomery and West Windsor Townships; it continued to be part of Princeton Township until the Act of , which required that each township form a single school district; rather than do so, Princeton Borough petitioned to be separated.
Before consolidation, the two Princetons shared a combined public school system. Two minor boundary changes united the then site of the Princeton Hospital and of the Princeton Regional High School inside the Borough, in and respectively. Cedar Grove ,  Port Mercer , North Princeton , Princeton Basin, and Jugtown are unincorporated communities that have been absorbed into Greater Princeton over the years, but still maintain their own community identity.
On average, the wettest month of the year is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. The plant hardiness zone at the Princeton Municipal Court is 6b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of According to the A.
Kuchler U. As of the United States Census , the borough and township had a combined population of 28, The ethnic composition of the population is 20, White residents The most common foreign languages are Chinese 1, speakers , Spanish 1, speakers and French speakers , but compared to other places, Princeton has a relative high number of Scandinavian speakers , Italian speakers and Chinese 1, speakers. Princeton is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election.
A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council.
The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office, serves as the borough's chief executive officer and nominates appointees to various boards and commissions subject to approval of the Borough Council. The Mayor presides at the Borough Council meetings and votes in the case of a tie or a few other specific cases. The Council has administrative powers and is the policy-making body of the Borough.
The Council approves appointments made by the Mayor.
Council Members serve on various boards and committees and act as liaisons to certain Departments, Committees or Boards. On November 8, , the residents of both the Borough of Princeton and the Township of Princeton voted to merge the two municipalities into one. In Princeton Borough 1, voted for and voted against, while in Princeton Township 3, voted for and voted against.
Opponents of the measure challenged the findings of a report citing a cost savings as unsubstantiated, and noted that voter representation would be reduced in a smaller government structure. Princeton is located in the 12th Congressional District  and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district.
Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. All officials are chosen at-large in partisan elections, with the executive serving a four-year term of office while the freeholders serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year.
Hughes D , term ends December 31, ; Princeton. Frisby, Sr. Carabelli ; Trenton ,  John A. As of March 23, , there were a total of 18, registered voters in Princeton a sum of the former Borough and Township's voters , of which 9, There were 22 voters registered to other parties.
In the presidential election , Democrat Barack Obama received In the gubernatorial election , Democrat Barbara Buono received Princeton University , one of the world's most prominent research universities, is a dominant feature of the community. Its main campus has its historic center on Nassau Street and stretches south from there. Its James Forrestal satellite campus is located in Plainsboro Township , and some playing fields lie within adjacent West Windsor Township. Westminster Choir College , a school of music presently owned by Rider University , was established in Princeton in The Princeton Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.
As of the school year, the district and its six schools had an enrollment of 3, students and In the early s, redistricting occurred between the Community Park and Johnson Park School districts, as the population within both districts had increased due to residential development.
Concerns were also raised about the largely white, wealthy student population attending Johnson Park JP and the more racially and economically diverse population at Community Park CP. As a result of the redistricting, portions of the affluent Western Section neighborhood were redistricted to CP, and portions of the racially and economically diverse John Witherspoon neighborhood were redistricted to JP. The school is a public school that operates independently of the Princeton Regional Schools, and is funded on a per student basis by locally raised tax revenues.
The Princeton Public Library 's current facility on Witherspoon Street was opened in April as part of the ongoing downtown redevelopment project, and replaced a building dating from The library itself was founded in Route  and New Jersey Route 27  pass through Princeton, along with County Routes ,  commonly known as Washington Road  and Other major roads that are accessible outside the municipality include U. A number of proposed highways around Princeton have been canceled.
The Somerset Freeway Interstate 95 was to pass just outside the municipality before ending in Hopewell to the south and Franklin to the north. This project was canceled in Route 92 was supposed to remedy the lack of limited-access highways to the greater Princeton area.
However, that project was cancelled in Since the 19th century, it has been connected by rail to both of these cities by the Princeton Branch rail line to the nearby Princeton Junction Station on Amtrak 's Northeast Corridor. NJ Transit provides bus service to Trenton on the route and local service on route People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Princeton include: Note: this list does not include people whose only time in Princeton was as a student. Only selected faculty are shown, whose notability extends beyond their field into popular culture.
See Faculty and Alumni lists above. It was largely filmed in central New Jersey, including some Princeton locations. The film I. It includes some geographic stretches, including Matthau looking through a telescope from the roof of "Princeton Hospital" to see Ryan and Robbins' characters kissing on the Princeton Battlefield. Historical films which used Princeton as a setting but were not filmed there include Wilson , a biographical film about Woodrow Wilson. The film, described in one Princeton newspaper as a "deeply personal 'coming-of-age story' that yields perspective on the role of perception in a town that was split racially, economically and sociologically",  is a portrayal of life in the venerable university town during the tumultuous period of the late sixties through the early seventies.
Scenes from the beginning of Across the Universe film were filmed on the Princeton University campus.
Parts of Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen were filmed in Princeton. Scenes from the movie The Happening were filmed in Princeton. The Orson Welles radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds , is set partly in nearby Grover's Mill , and includes a fictional professor from Princeton University as a main character, but the action never moves directly into Princeton.
The actual University Medical Center of Princeton at Plainsboro opened on May 22, , exactly one day after the finale of House aired. The television miniseries Oppenheimer is partly set in Princeton. Scott Fitzgerald 's literary debut, This Side of Paradise , is a loosely autobiographical story of his years at Princeton University. Princeton University's Creative Writing program includes several nationally and internationally prominent writers, making the community a hub of contemporary literature.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Borough in New Jersey, United States. Nassau Street , Princeton's main street.
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey. Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United States. Accessed May 20, Data was calculated by adding values for the pre-consolidation Princeton Borough and Township. Accessed September 4, Accessed July 11, Accessed January 24, Accessed August 20, Accessed January 9, Accessed November 20, Retrieved August 7, Accessed August 21, Accessed August 29, Accessed November 1, History of Princeton and its Institutions, vol.
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Another copy is in the circulating Source section Federation of Gen. Accessed November 7, New Jersey, March 19, ; in , he emigrated with his parents to Kentucky, and in , came to the Territory of Ohio and located in Clermont County; he died May 13, , upon the old homestead, where he located sixty-one years previous- his first wife was Sarah Dunham; she died in Brown County, Ohio, in , leaving eight children, of whom two now survive. Eerdmans Publishing , He went to Princeton Day School, graduated from St.
Trenton, NJ. Retrieved November 9, Asbury Park Press.
Asbury Park, NJ. Associated Press. November 8, Retrieved November 10, Accessed May 30, Accessed January 3, Accessed January 26, United States Senate. Accessed April 17, Accessed January 22, Accessed September 6, Cannon , Mercer County.
Carabelli , Mercer County.